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Xiling Gorge

 Lantern Shadow Gorge

antern Shadow Gorge, also called 'Bright Moon Gorge', is about 10 kilometers to the west of Nanjin Pass.

The passage is narrow between cliffs. In the evening, clear water reflects dark mountains under the bright moon. This landscape is extremely picturesque. On one of the hills called Maya Hill, stand four strange stones resembling the main characters of the classical work, 'Pilgrim to the West'. The lifelike stones show Tang Xuanzang riding on his horse, Monkey King carving out the way, plump Zhu Bajie, and Sha Seng carrying burdens. Seen from afar, they appear to be a shadow puppet drama with the light of lanterns. Thus the gorge's name came to be 'Lantern Shadow'.


 Military Books and Precious Sword Gorge

Three kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Fragrant Stream is the Military Books and Precious Sword Gorge. As its name implies, the gorge has stones very like books and a sword. Legend has it that when the wise strategist Zhuge Liang (181 - 234) went through this passage, he hid his military books and precious sword on the crags and waited for brave and brilliant people to find them.

As a matter of fact, the so-called books are burial objects on the cracks of cliffs following ancient customs, and the 'sword' is a rock pole like a huge and mighty sword with relief.


 Nanjin Pass

Nanjin Pass is the end of the Three Gorges and the division of the upper reach and mid reach of the Yangtze River. It had been the key junction of military affairs because of cliffs on each side and the narrow water passage creating a bottleneck and surging waters. The main scenic spots include Three Travelers' Cave, Peach Blossom Country, and so on. Through Nanjin Pass, the width broadens from a width of 300 meters (328 yards) to over 2,000 meters (2,187 yards).


 Ox Liver and Horse Lungs Gorge

The 4.5 kilometer-long (2.8 mile-long) gorge derived its name from two oddly shaped rocks. Around the entrance of the Jiuwan Stream to the Yangtze River, on the crag of its northern bank hang several yellow-brown rocks resembling ox livers and horse lungs - strange stalactite growths.

While the ox liver rock remains the same; the horse lung rock lacks its lower part due to a British warship's shelling in the late Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911).

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