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Transportation in China

The transportation system of China is the lifeline of the national economy and comprises railway, highway, civil aviation and water transport – inland, coastal and ocean transport. Each means of transportation has its specific routes and vehicles for different ranges of use.


Railway, highway and civil aviation constitute the quick-transport system, mainly for passenger service. Railway transport is the primary form of national transportation in China, mainly for long-distance passenger travel and moving large quantities of goods. Highway transportation is used both between cities and within cities. Civil aviation is used mainly for traveling between domestic and foreign metropolitan areas. The following chart can help you can choose which method meets your requirements for travel in China.

  • Beijing Subway, China transportation
  • Guangzhou Airport, China travel
  • Beijing transportation


 Comparison of Railway, Highway, and Civil Aviation
Railway transport is popular in China with its large capacity, low cost and it isn't easily affected by the weather, the only disadvantages are that its schedule and stops are fixed and it is inefficient. Trains are the only vehicles of it.


Highway transport is flexible and effective, but its cost is higher than the railway transport, besides its capacity is limited. While the vehicles on the highways are various like buses, cars, bicycles, motorbikes and so on.


Civil aviation is quick and comfortable, but it is easily affected by weather and the schedule and stops are fixed. What's more, it is expensive compared with railway and highways. Of course, all kinds of airplanes are the tools to carry you.


Water transport is enjoyable and worthwhile when visiting lakes and coastal cities as well as water towns such as Zhouzhuang in Suzhou and Zhujiajiao in Shanghai or rivers such as the Li River in Guilin, the Huangpu River near Shanghai or the Yangtze River.


With China's urbanization, in addition to those traditional vehicles such as buses, cars, taxies, and bicycles, some other new intra-city transportation modes are appearing such as subways, magnetic levitation vehicles and light rail vehicles.

Related tool: China Train Search

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  • Replyashley nicole
    2009/3/12 15:08:00

    i am doing a project on china!