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Temple of Flourishing Teaching (Xingjiao Si)

Xuanzang Pagoda, Temple of Flourishing Teaching, Xian

Located 20 km south of Xian City, beside the Shaoling Plateau, the Temple of Flourishing Teaching is one of the most important Chinese Buddhist temples because of the Xuanzang Pagoda inside. Xuanzang, the famous hierarch in Chinese history, traveled to India along the ancient Silk Road and learned Buddhism there. When he came back to Chang'an (now it is called Xian), he translated many sutras which he brought back to the Da Ci'en Temple, Yuhua Palace and Hongfu Temple. Xuanzang passed away in 664 and was buried in the White Deer Plateau, to the east of Xian City. In 669, he was moved to the current location situated in a pagoda. Later, the Temple of Flourishing Teaching was built on the site.

When you walk into the entrance, you see the Bell Tower and Drum Tower on each side of the road. Inside the Mahavira Hall (Da Xiong Bao Dian), a 3.2-meter (10.5 ft) high sculpture of Sakyamuni sits in the middle. A giant statue of Lying Buddha is situated in the back hall. The Lying Buddha, which is 9 meters (29.6 ft) long, was carved by camphor wood. Xuanzang Pagoda is situated in the West Courtyard. The five-storey brick pagoda is about 21 meters (68.9 ft) high enshrining the sculpture of Xuanzang on the first floor. A stele recording the life of Xuanzang is also housed in the first floor. Pagodas of two disciples of Xuanzang, Yuance and Kuiji, are also situated in the yard. The East Courtyard is the Sutra-Keeping Hall. Different versions of ancient sutras are well preserved here. The Palm-leaf Sutra, which was brought back by Xuanzang, is the most precious one among all of the treasures.

Although the Temple of Flourishing Teaching is less popular among visitors, it's still an attractive destination for pilgrims and those who adore Xuanzang.

Admission Fee: CNY 10

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