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Banpo Museum

Banpo Museum, Xian, Shaanxi Province

Banpo museum, the first museum built on the site of historical relics in China, is located in the east suburb of Xian City. It was built in 1957 at the base of the excavation site of Banpo Village. Banpo Village is the site of a typical Neolithic matriarchal community of the Yangshao Culture. The history of it can be dated back 6,000 years. At that time, the Banpo people used tools made of stone to cultivate and colorized pottery as vessels. The Banpo people even began to feed livestock!

Exhibit in Banpo Museum, Xian 

The museum consists of two exhibition halls and a site hall. The first exhibition hall mainly shows the tools, vessels and works of art made and used by the Banpo people. Examples include the stone ax, stone knife, stone scoop, millstones, bone needle and knife, pottery basin and pot, and etc. Among them, a bottle with pointed bottom is very striking. It can bail water automatically when it is put into a well. The Banpo people were also impressive in that they also figured out how to use vapor to cook! Images of people and animals painted on the pottery are vivid and delicate, which revealed the culture of Banpo people. The second exhibition hall is used for auxiliary exhibitions about prehistoric cultures, arts, customs, and so on. The site hall preserves the houses, caves, pottery kilns and tombs of the Banpo people. According to the archaeological research, the Banpo people had great techniques of making pottery, and visitors can visit the site of pottery kilns.

The Banpo Matriarchal Clan Village opened in 1994 and shows visitors the life, ceremony, music and dance of the ancient Banpo people. By appreciating or participating in these performances, visitors can better understand the great prehistoric culture.

Admission Fee:
CNY 35 (Mar. to Nov.)
CNY 25 (Dec. to Feb.)
Opening Hours:
08:30 to 17:00
Recommended Time for a Visit:
Four hours
Bus Route:
11, 105


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