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Introduction

Urumqi

 

 Full travelling information of Urumqi

The snow-clad Heavenly Mountain (Tianshan), which has been used as the setting of many Chinese classical and modern films, is as if having a magic power upon people. It seems to always stir their imaginations. Urumqi ('Beautiful Pasture' in Mongolian literally), is a rich oasis extending the foot of this celestial mountain. With its enchanting natural scenery, splendid cultures and exotic customs, it has become a dreamland lingering on the minds of travelers.


Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is located in the hinterland of the Eurasia Continent. It is the farthest city from the ocean in the world. It is the west fortress of the New Eurasian Continental Bridge in China, and is the pivot for Xinjiang to communicate with the inner land. The city has also opened many ports for China to link with Central Asia and other bordering countries. It covers an area of about 12,000 sq km. (3 million acres), with a relatively thin population of more than 2 million. The city has a middle temperate semi-arid continental climate, and distinctive hot and cold seasons. The temperatures vary much from day to night, so warm clothes are demanded even in the hot days when traveling. Autumn, when it is cool and which is also the season of harvest of many local products, is the best time to visit here.

Heavenly Lake, Urumqi


The vast land of Urumqi is productive in resources. It lies in the center of a rich coalfield and is surrounded by four huge oil fields on all sides, giving it the names of 'City in the Coalfield' and 'Coal Ship in the Oil Sea'. It also has abundant mineral resources, as well as light energy, wind energy and heat energy. Nourished by the glaciers and permanent snows on the mountains, the city is also not lacking of water resources and is teeming with wild animals and plants like snow leopards, horses, deer and snow lotuses among others.


Urumqi also vaunts much in its long history. The city initially began to be built more than 1,300 years ago. Historically it was the pasture and habitat of many nomadic tribes. And it was a strategic pass in the old Silk Road. Since the extensive reconstruction during the reign of Emperor Qianlong (reigned 1735 - 1795) in the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911), the city began to take on a new look during its building boom.

Recommended China Tour with Urumqi

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