Home : City Guide: Nanjing: Attractions

Zhonghua Gate & Nanjing Museum

Zhonghua Gate, Nanjing (Nanking)

 Zhonghua Gate

Zhonghua Gate lies in the south of Nanjing City. It is the biggest castle-like gate among the thirteen city gates of the old city wall in Nanjing. Zhonghua Gate is the largest one of its kind in China and also the most complicated and best-preserved city gate in the world. Having experienced changes over more than 600 years, Zhonghua Gate is extremely well-kept except for some small cracks of the brick construction. The gate is an excellent design and has relatively high military and artistic value. It is agreed that Zhonghua Gate is the most distinctive scenic spot along the Qinhuai River.

Altogether three enclosures for defense outside the city gate lie in the gate. There are 13 caves for hiding soldiers on and under the enclosures and another 14 caves of this kind under ma dao (a way mainly for horses). They are used for storing military materials and concealing soldiers for ambush in war time. Wide and steep horse ways on both sides of the enclosures are used for carrying needed materials. This type of military establishment was very useful in ancient battles. When attacked, soldiers can get into the gate and close every city gate, splitting the enemy into three groups. Soldiers inside the gate can annihilate them, going after an easy prey.

Admission Fee: CNY 50
How to Get: 1.    Bus: no. 2, 15, 49, 63, 202, 302, 701 or 706 to Zhonghuamen Chengbao.
2.    Subway: take line 1 to Zhonghuamen.

 Nanjing Museum

Built in 1933, Nanjing Museum is ranked the largest collections among Chinese museums.  There are 419,000 historical and cultural items  exhibited in the Museum. The main exhibit relates the five-thousand-year history of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The exhibits include jade, lacquer work, bronzes, chinaware, ancient vehicles, silks, textiles, and so on. Of the stored items the number of china items of the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) is the largest. The cultural relics excavated from Yin ruins are the most valuable. In addition paintings and calligraphy constitute an important part of the collections of Nanjing Museum.

How to Get to Nanjing Museum
1.    By bus: take nos. 5, 9, 34, 36, 55, 59, or 202 and get off at Zhongshanmen. Walk to Nanjing Museum in 5 minutes.
2.    By subway: take line 2 and get off at Minggugong. Leave from exit 1 and walk there.

Admission Fee: CNY 20
Opening Hours: 09:00 - 16:30
Ticket-selling Hours: 09:00 - 16:00

Nanjing History
Nanjing is one of the best-known ancient capital cities in China and vaunts a long history and deep cultures. The excavation of the skulls of ancient prehistoric men in the city dates Nanjing's civilization back to 350 thousand years ago. The city itself was built more than 2,400 years ago in the area southwest of the huge Zhonghua Gate. The gate was critical for many military functions. Since the third century AD, ten dynasties in China, including the epochal Republic of China founded by Sun Yat-sen, established Nanjing as their capital.