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Zhonghua Gate/Nanjing Museum/Zijinshan Observatory

Zhonghua Gate, Nanjing (Nanking)

 Zhonghua Gate

Zhonghua Gate lies in the south of Nanjing City. It is the biggest castle-like gate among the thirteen city gates of the old city wall in Nanjing. Zhonghua Gate is the largest one of its kind in China and also the most complicated and best-preserved city gate in the world. Having experienced changes over more than 600 years, Zhonghua Gate is extremely well-kept except for some small cracks of the brick construction. The gate is an excellent design and has relatively high military and artistic value. It is agreed that Zhonghua Gate is the most distinctive scenic spot along the Qinhuai River.

Altogether three enclosures for defense outside the city gate lie in the gate. There are 13 caves for hiding soldiers on and under the enclosures and another 14 caves of this kind under ma dao (a way mainly for horses). They are used for storing military materials and concealing soldiers for ambush in war time. Wide and steep horse ways on both sides of the enclosures are used for carrying needed materials. This type of military establishment was very useful in ancient battles. When attacked, soldiers can get into the gate and close every city gate, splitting the enemy into three groups. Soldiers inside the gate can annihilate them, going after an easy prey.

Admission Fee: CNY 15
Bus Route: 2,16, 26, 33, 49, 88
Tourism Bus No. 2 & 4

 Nanjing Museum

Built in 1933, Nanjing Museum is ranked the largest collections among Chinese museums.  There are 419,000 historical and cultural items  exhibited in the Museum. The main exhibit relates the five-thousand-year history of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The exhibits include jade, lacquer work, bronzes, chinaware, ancient vehicles, silks, textiles, and so on. Of the stored items the number of china items of the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) is the largest. The cultural relics excavated from Yin ruins are the most valuable. In addition paintings and calligraphy constitute an important part of the collections of Nanjing Museum.

Admission Fee: CNY 20
Opening Hours: 09:00 - 16:30
Ticket-selling Hours: 09:00 - 16:00
Bus routes: 5, 9, 29, 36, 51, 55, 59, You 1, 2, 5 (Tourist buses)

 Zijinshan Observatory (Mt. Zijin Observatory)

Zijinshan Observatory (Mt. Zijin Observatory) was built according to the last wish of Dr. Sun Yat-sen. The importance of this observatory is that it is the first one designed by Chinese people, combining the characteristics of both the east and the west. Zijinshan Observatory once was called the Best in East Asia due to its superior facilities. Zijinshan Observatory is not only the cradle of Chinese modern astronomy but also an exhibition hall showing the splendid fruit of ancient Chinese astronomy. There are still replicas of astronomical apparatuses of the Ming (1368 - 1644) and the Qing (1644 - 1911) dynasties.

Admission Fee: CNY 15
CNY 25 (Single-trip ticket for cable car)
CNY 45 (Round-trip ticket for cable car)
Bus Route: Tourism Bus No. 3, W20

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