Home: City Guide: Guizhou
Font Size:    

Introduction

Guizhou Province is situated in the southwest of China, and it borders Hunan, Yunnan, Guangxi and Sichuan on the four sides. It always allures visitors from near and afar with its primitive, fantastic and mysterious landscapes and cultures.


Guizhou province administers 4 cities of Guiyang, the capital, Liupanshui, Zunyi and Anshun, and 2 regions of Bijie and Tongren, other than 3 minority autonomous regions of Southeastern Region, Southern Region and Southwestern Region. The province has a history of over 2 thousand years and it plays a pivotal role in the communication of Southwestern China. For its strategic location, Guizhou had acted as a fortress in the Long March of the Red Army in the 1930s; the Zunyi Meeting which was held in Zunyi City, was a life-and-death turning point for the CCP.


Guizhou covers an area of about 176,000 sq. km (43.5 million acres), equivalent to 1.8% of the whole of China. The terrains of Guizhou are rather undulated and complicated. Situated on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, over 90% of the land is covered by  mountains and hills. Between these mountains are the numerous swift flowing rivers, waterfalls, valleys and caverns. China's two great rivers, Yangtze River and Pearl River, just originate from here. There are 69 counties in the province that have carried out the Yangtze River Protection Forest System in China, which acts as a shield for these two rivers. Rivers that are longer than 10 km. (6.2 miles) within the province numbers nearly one thousand. Guizhou is also one of the zones that are typical of Karst formation.


With its complex land formation, the climate here varies very much from one region to another. Guizhou is the cloudiest province across China; on average, there are only 3 to 4 hours in a day that are sunny. Hence, it is rather mild on the whole throughout the year and it rains mainly in May to October.


For those who are interested in the Chinese minority ethnic groups, Guizhou is also a perfect destination. There are 49 nationalities living here, including Han, Hui, Miao, Dong, Yi, Bai, Yao, Zhuang, Mongol, Manchu, Bouyei and others. A total of 16 minority groups have inhabited this province for generations. These minorities made up about 38% of the population and their compositions rank third in China after Yunnan and Xinjiang. These ethnic groups have given rise to pretty colorful cultures throughout its history. The various local operas are probably the most attractive; the popular ones are the Han's Qian (Short form of Guizhou) Opera, Lantern Opera and Di Opera as well as the minorities'Dong Opera and Bouyei Opera. Other entertainments, such as antiphonal singing, dancing, Lusheng (a Chinese reed-pipe wind instrument) playing and various festivals of the minorities are also brilliant sights not to be missed.

Page 1 2

I want to say