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Guiyang

Guiyang scenery, Guizhou Province

Located in the southwest of China, Guiyang City is the capital of Guizhou Province and a marvelous tourist site with pleasant weather conditions, charming scenery, abounding cultural relics, and exotic minority flavors. Surrounded by green mountains and crystal-clear shining rivers, the city covers an area of 8,034 sq km (about 1,985,243 acres) and has a population of over three million. Because of the mountainous geography and the special karst physiognomy, Guiyang gained the name 'City of Miniascape'.


Influenced by the humid subtropical climate, Guiyang is neither too hot nor too cold. With abundant sunshine and rainfall, the annual average temperature of the city is 15.3°C (59.5°F). The hottest days in July are only 24°C (75.2°F) on average and the coldest days in January 4.6°C (40.3°F). Hence, Guiyang is suitable for visiting all year round. But the best time to the city is March and April, when many traditional festivals of the minority peoples are held. Due to the sharp temperature changes between day and night and the strong ultraviolet radiation, it is best to bring a coat and wear a good sun block while visiting.


Guiyang boasts a long history. Since the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC-476 BC), the area belonged to the mysterious Yelang Kingdom. The Yelang Kingdom is believed to have been a prosperous kingdom founded by local ethnic groups which lasted for about 300 years, and disappeared without a trace in about 26 BC. People still longs to know the truth. In the year 313, Yelang County was established. 20 years later, Jinle County, which was situated on the site of the current Guiyang City, was founded. The current Guizhou Province was named Juzhou during the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and changed to Guizhou at 1119 during the Song Dynasty (960-1279). Guizhou Province was officially established in 1413 and Guiyang became the capital city. Thus, Guiyang has become the political, military, commercial and cultural center of the whole province.


Many cultural relics were left in Guiyang, which attest to its rich history. Jiaxiu Tower (First Scholar's Tower), originally built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), is a symbol of Guiyang. Hongfu Temple on Qianling Mountain is the most famous as well as the largest Buddhist site in Guizhou Province. The wooden tower, Wenchang Tower, is the only remaining structure of this kind of architecture in China. For relaxation, beautiful Qianling Park, Huaxi Park, Baihua Lake, and Hongfeng (Red Maple) Lake, in and around the city are popular spots. Huangguoshu and Dragon Palace Scenic Spot not far away from Guiyang also thrill thousands of visitors every year.



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